Osteoporosis in menopause, the causes and remedies

Osteoporosis in menopause is one of the problems that this period of our life gives us.

The end of the reproductive cycle is caused by the lack of estrogens and progestins, very important hormones, not only for the reproductive system, but also for the good functioning of our body.

One of the causes of osteoporosis in menopause is the lack of estrogen responsible for bone depletion. Estrogens are hormones that regulate the amount of calcium present in the bone, failing that, the right amount of calcium is lost in the bones.

The bone loses its mass becoming more fragile, with the consequent increase in the risk of fractures. The bones most prone to fractures are the vertebrae, hips and wrists; if osteoporosis is severe, minor injuries are enough to cause fractures.

Osteoporosis in menopause, the causes

Menopause is one of the causes of osteoporosis; the depletion of the bone structure that makes the bone weak is the result of the lack of estrogen.

However, there are other contributing factors to the onset of osteoporosis:

  • a diet rich in fats and low in foods that contain calcium and vitamin D, the latter essential for the deposition of calcium, absorbed through food, in bones

  • a sedentary life

  • alcohol and smoking abuse

  • poor exposure to sunlight.

It is advisable, by virtue of this knowledge, to make prevention and adopt all the strategies in our possession to reach menopause in the best possible way.

Osteoporosis in menopause, the remedies

Osteoporosis is an asymptomatic pathology, for this reason it is necessary, having reached the menopause, to monitor its onset and progress through COM (computerized bone mineralometry).

Bone mineralometry is a painless test that allows us to know how much calcium there is in the bone. As we have already said, the impoverishment of the bone structure and its demineralization can lead, in the most advanced age, to the risk of fractures.

Let’s see together what are the remedies to prevent the onset of osteoporosis in menopause or to limit its extent.

We should:

  • Add the right amount of calcium to your diet through the intake of milk and derivatives and vitamin D, through fruit and vegetables and blue fish.
  • Practice constant physical activity that counteracts bone demineralization. Walking an hour a day would be very useful, like doing exercises with sustainable loads.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking, which are associated with the onset of osteoporosis.
  • Expose yourself to the sun, even if with protection and avoiding the hottest hours. UV exposure helps our body synthesize vitamin D.

Despite these precautions it would be useful to repeat the mineralometry at least every two years to assess whether there are deteriorations that require medical intervention.

Rita Palazzi
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